To avoid plagiarism, all submissions are screened using Turnitin before undergo the review processes.

Plagiarism-free works should match these requirements:

1. Writing that quoting writings of others (by quoting indirectly) that has been well paraphrased, by making one’s own words, instead of performing copy and paste or typing the original source word-by-word, and write down the reading sources according to the rules of scientific writing.

2.  Writing with a direct quotation, by quoting the exact same words as the original writings should apply quotation marks (for writing that less than 40 words), or if the quote consists of over than 40 words, the paragraphs should be notched and apply different font size. 

3. Mentioning the original source of other people's ideas that are being used, whether from published or unpublished writing, both from an oral or written source, in any form of media

4. Manuscript with similarity rate more than 20% will be returned immediately to the author(s)